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Myopia (nearsightedness or shortsightedness) is an eye condition that is very common with an alarming prevalence growth rate. Global research suggests that by 2050 it is expected that half of the world’s population will be myopic. A person is deemed myopic when objects far away cannot be seen clearly. This is because the individual’s eyeball is longer than normal or the refractive power is stronger than normal.

Myopia presents in different degrees depending on the patient. Depending on the degree, a patient might have to wear glasses or contact lenses all the time or just whenever they need very clear distance vision.

Degenerative Myopia (also called malignant or pathological myopia) is believed to be a hereditary condition that is relatively rare and often begins in early childhood. The eyeball elongates rapidly which causes the patient’s eyes to progressively find it more difficult to see things far away. Thus, the range to which the patient can see clearly gets shorter and shorter.

 

TIPS TO HANDLE MYOPIA

Myopia cannot be prevented, but its progression can be slowed. Here are some tips for myopic people:

  1. Get your eyes checked regularly
  2. Get enough sleep. Try to rest your eyes.
  3. Don’t use phones or devices in the dark. The contrast between the screen and the darkened room can cause eye strain
  4. Reduce your screen’s brightness.
  5. Manage your health, particularly if you have any chronic conditions as health challenges like diabetes and hypertension can affect your eyes.
  6. Wear glasses that block ultraviolet (UV) radiation. When ordering your medicated glasses it is good to make them photochromic so you have no need for another pair of outdoor glasses.
  7. Eat healthy food. Eat foods high in antioxidants. You can’t go wrong with carrots when eating for your eyes.
  8. Avoid smoking.
  9. Use good lighting. Avoid working in dark areas which would cause you to strain your eyes.
  10. Apply the eye strain rule. Look away from your device every 20 minutes – for 20 seconds – at something 20 feet away.
  11. See an eye doctor immediately if you ever notice a sudden loss of vision on one eye with or without pain, double vision, hay or blurred vision, black spots or halos around lights.

 

Myopia is a condition that many people live with. It starts early and this is why children should start getting regular eye tests as early in life as possible. Myopia can also start at any age, but mostly affects people under 40, so even adults need to watch and take good care of their eyes. Contact us today for more information or to schedule a test.