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The eye care sector has experienced a lot of ground-breaking success with surgical processes that help restore vision for millions of people. Accidents and ageing are two major factors that cause eye challenges or damage. But with the aid of surgical procedures to help manage and treat these ailments, many live long, sighted lives.

With more research, these procedures have become more popular and safe for people. Here are some of the more common procedures available today.

Cataract Surgery:

This procedure involves the removal of the eye’s natural lens, which has developed an opacification (making it cloudy) and replacing it with an intraocular lens. It has a high success rate in improving sight.

Glaucoma Surgery

While this procedure cannot cure glaucoma or undo vision loss, it can keep it from getting worse. Glaucoma is caused by high pressure in the eyes, so the surgery will help lower the pressure in the eyes and protect the sight.

Diabetic Retinopathy Surgery

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes. The risk of developing it is heightened the longer the person has diabetes. With early treatment of diabetes, this challenge can be handled with no surgery. But in its advanced stages, a surgical procedure called a vitrectomy will be used. Laser treatment may also be necessary.

PRK (photorefractive keratectomy)

This procedure reshapes the surface of the cornea using a laser. This is useful for people with mild to moderate short-sightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism.

LASIK

This is a slight variation of PRK because the doctor creates a flap by loosening the epithelial cells. Then the cornea is reshaped using a laser. After this, the flap is set and secured with a soft contact lens so it can heal. This procedure is useful for severe cases of short-sightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism.

As with all surgical processes, there are risks and complications. One key risk is infections. So, after a procedure, obey all the rules and instructions from the eye care specialist. This will involve the care of the eyes and dressing, frequency of visits for evaluation of the eyes, and nutrition to help with recovery and a better lifestyle.