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The eyes are the windows to the body. This saying could not be truer for detecting autoimmune diseases.

Autoimmune diseases are illnesses that occur when the body’s immune system gets triggered and produces antibodies that would cross-react with our body tissues, thus creating an inflammation. Autoimmune diseases usually look as though the immune system is fighting an external organism, but in actual sense, the immune system is fighting itself.

Most autoimmune conditions have their first symptoms related to vision. Some of them are highlighted below:-

– LUPUS causes dry eye, scleritis, retinal vasculitis, or even blood clots in the eye.

– MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS (MS) causes vision loss from optic neuritis and double vision.

SJOGREN’S SYNDROME causes severe dry eye and dry mouth.

– NEUROMYELITIS OPTICA (NMO) causes severe vision loss from optic neuritis but also can affect the brain and spinal cord.

– PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS causes inflammation in the eye and joint issues.

– IBD (Crohn’s or Ulcerative colitis) caused uveitis and inflammation in the gut.

– MYASTHENIA GRAVIS causes double vision, droopy eyelids, and muscle weakness.

– AUTOIMMUNE THYROID DISEASE causes inflammation in the eye socket, bulging of the eyes, double vision, and even vision loss.

– RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS causes scleritis, keratitis, and joint inflammation.

-HLA B27 and spondyloarthropathies can cause uveitis and joint inflammation.

When an autoimmune disease affects your vision, the first thing to do is to calm the inflammation quickly with medication prescribed by your doctor. However, maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle plays a major role in the long-term control of the inflammation. Frequent visits to your eye doctor for routine eye check-ups to monitor the health of your eyes and prompt treatment are also recommended.