Skip to main content

There are certain eye diseases traceable to an individual’s health condition. One of such diseases is Diabetic retinopathy. This is an eye defect caused by complications from diabetes (excessive sugar in the body) which affects eyes.

These complications result in damage to the retina and, if left unattended, can cause total loss of sight. Individuals who have this defect include those who have had type 1 or 2 diabetes for a very long time without controlling their blood sugar. However, there is a higher risk if the person with the disease is experiencing one or more of these conditions: – pregnancy, smokes regularly, has high blood pressure or high cholesterol level.

Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy rarely show up at the onset of the disease. However, as the condition progresses, the individuals may experience symptoms such as floating spots in the vision, impaired colour vision, blurry vision, fluctuating vision, loss of vision in both eyes.

The best way to prevent vision loss is for diabetics is to manage their blood sugar level carefully and prevent it from being too high all the time.  If you have diabetes, see your eye doctor for an eye check-up and attend all subsequent eye checkups as scheduled by the doctor, even if your vision seems in order. Pregnancy can worsen diabetic retinopathy, so for pregnant women, your eye doctor might schedule additional eye exams throughout the duration of your pregnancy.

It is important to manage your sugar level to prevent health challenges to your eyes and other parts of the body. Drink lots of water and eat healthy meals. Contact your eye doctor immediately as soon as you notice sudden changes in your vision, such as spotty, blurry or hazy vision.