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Having type 1 or type 2 diabetes can put you at risk for some diabetes related eye problems including cataracts, glaucoma, macular edema and diabetic retinopathy (damage to the blood vessels that lead to the retina) that can lead to retinal detachment.

Diabetes affects the eye when the blood sugar gets very high. This can lead to complications from blood getting into the vitreous (gel like area of the eye) to the retina becoming detached.

At first there may be no symptoms because the damage that happens in the eye with diabetes is gradual. Eventually you may start to experience

  • Eye flashes and floaters
  • Blurred vision
  • Dark spots
  • Loss of vision

Because these symptoms are difficult to detect you have to check your vision regularly if you have diabetes.

Preventive measures are the best way to avoid eye problems associated with diabetes. These include

  • Regular eye examinations
  • Keeping blood sugar levels as normal as possible can help stop eye complications before they start

Treatment options available include

  • Intravitreal injections
  • Laser treatment
  • Surgical treatment