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Eye injuries are also called eye trauma.  It can be from an object, blunt force or penetrating injury or from toxic chemicals. The signs and symptoms of an eye injury can include pain, redness, swelling, bleeding, bruising or discomfort.

Other symptoms include:

  • One eye or both eyes not moving properly
  • The white part of the eye (sclera) appearing bloody
  • Foreign body sensation
  • Poor vision
  • Unusual pupil size or shape

Prevention methods

  • Always use protective eyewear when working with things that can put your eyes at risk; sports, woodwork, metalwork, yard work, home repairs, etc.
  • Keep sharp objects away from children
  • Be careful during celebrations, with fireworks or champagne corks
  • Secure rugs and railings that can cause falls. Clean spills on the floor quickly and avoid leaving items littered on the floor.
  • Use cleaning chemicals with caution. Wear protective gloves and goggles and avoid touching the eyes.
  • Be careful when using hot objects like curling irons or hot oil

Treatment/First Aid

DO not rub or touch the eye. If there is a cut or an object embedded in it, place a paper cup over the bone, not over the eye, and rush the patient to the hospital.

For chemicals, wash out with water and rush to the hospital.

For a black eye, apply ice to the area to bring down the swelling and rush to the hospital. Injuries that look minor can develop into major issues, so always get them checked.

Recovery time

Minor scratches can heal within three days, but more serious injuries take longer and  can cause permanent damage.

It is important to see a doctor immediately eye trauma is suspected. If it is an injury caused by chemicals, get the name of the chemical and seek immediate medical attention.


Feel free to contact us for more information on how to protect your eyes. Prevention is the best policy, so take all the necessary precautions and be good to your eyes.