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When eye injuries occur the injured person must receive prompt medical attention. This will help save the victim’s vision by preventing severe complications that might result in permanent damage to the affected eye. If an eye injury occurs, an adult can administer the following first aid treatments before a doctor arrives to begin proper treatment.

Chemical splashes

If there is a chemical burn to the eyes, try as much as possible to remain calm. Keep your eyes open and ask someone to help you flush out the chemical residue with water. Shutting your eyes automatically traps the chemical splashes, and this will cause more damage. Flushing should be done for about 15 to 20 minutes with a generous amount of water. Note the name and type of chemical so you can answer your doctor’s questions during treatment.

Foreign objects

Normally, the eye cleanses itself of any debris through the release of tears, so there might be no need for treatment except you are certain that the object is stuck under the lids. If such a situation occurs, do not rub your eyes. Let someone help you lift the upper eyelid or the lower one, then try to roll your eyes around. With the eyes still open, flush with a generous amount of water until the object is out. Do NOT try to take it out by hand, as this could cause further complications. Cover up the eye with a clean eye patch or gauze, then seek immediate medical attention.

Blows and punches

The impact of a blow can result in different kinds of trauma to the eyes. Minor blows can be managed and treated at home but should be observed for signs of the injury getting worse to prevent an infection. To give first aid treatment for punches, gently place a cold compress over the affected eye at 5- to 10-minute intervals. Avoid placing ice directly on the skin. Instead, wrap the ice in a cloth before using it as a compress. Then get in touch with your doctor. He or she may want to examine the eye for any serious damage that might have occurred. After 24 hours, switch from the cold to a warm compress. It would help reduce swelling and bruising. Contact your doctor as soon as possible if you observe any of these symptoms: change in vision, cuts or puncture wounds on the eye or eyelid, drainage from the affected eye, bleeding from the white part of the eye, persistent pains.

It is important to note that the above tips are just immediate first aid treatments meant to only put the eye injury under control to prevent further damage while waiting for your doctor or before you arrive at the hospital. So follow up with proper medical attention and care to treat any underlying damages that might have arisen without your knowledge. Contact us for more helpful information in case of an injury.