Skip to main content

Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of vision loss worldwide. It is an eye disease capable of causing damage to the optic nerve of the eyes. The optic nerve is a part of the eye that carries visual information to your brain from your eyes. Glaucoma usually sets in most times when there is unusually high pressure inside your eye. This pressure is caused by reduced blood flow to the optic nerve or blocked drainage in the eyes. As time goes on, the pressure affects the nerve tissues and this could result in partial vision loss or even blindness if not detected early enough.

Warning signs

Visit your doctor immediately if you notice any of these symptoms: severe eye pain, nausea, vomiting, redness in the eyes, sudden vision disturbances, seeing coloured rings around lights and suddenly blurry vision.

However, its should be noted that most cases of glaucoma have NO SIGNS! This is why it is called “the thief of sight.” Most persons only realise they have glaucoma and sometimes advanced glaucoma when they go for a routine eye examination.

Risk factors

The following set of individuals are at a greater risk of developing glaucoma.

People over 60 are at increased risk of glaucoma. If you’re African-American, your increase in risk begins at age 40. Included in the risk group are individuals with underlying eye problems, individuals with a family history of glaucoma, persons with a history of eye trauma, prolonged use of certain medications e.g corticosteroids and people with a medical history of illnesses such as diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease.

Treatment plan

Glaucoma can only be diagnosed after a series of specialised tests. If your doctor has diagnosed you as having glaucoma, he would place you on a treatment plan which involves the use of medications and if there’s need for a surgery, he would let you know. Your treatment plan would largely be dependent on how severe the glaucoma in your eyes is.

There is no direct prevention plan for glaucoma apart from going for regular eye examinations and proper treatment of eye problems. Glaucoma cannot be prevented, but like other eye-related diseases, early detection and proper treatment will help prevent permanent vision loss. So, do well to schedule a routine eye check-up with us today.