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Do you ever wonder why you go to see a doctor about body pains and while giving you a checkup he looks in your eyes? It’s not just something he does to pass the time and justify your medical bill, the doctor is actually looking out for some things when he looks in your peepers.

He does this because some diseases affecting the body may first be diagnosed from the eye.


Through the eye, a doctor can get an unobstructed view of the blood vessels, nerves and connecting tissues. Abnormalities spotted may be indicative of changes in the other parts of the body.

Diabetes, high blood pressure, sexually transmitted diseases, cancers, autoimmune diseases are some examples of diseases that can be detected through an eye examination. Other systematic issues detected via eye examinations include brain tumours, nutritional deficiencies, HIV, hypertension, drug abuse, thyroid disease, and neurological conditions.

Here are examples of some things that the doctor can note when he looks in the eye:

  • Diabetes: changes or damage in the blood vessels of the retina
  • Problems in the brain: loss of side vision, which primarily is indicative of glaucoma but can also be a harbinger of stroke, head trauma, or brain bleeding.


There are several eye examinations which test for different issues, but here are two examinations that are recommended by ophthalmologists:

  • Preschool eye exams: For children especially if there is a family history of early use of glasses or eye problems in the parent’s family.
  • Baseline examination: Always get a yearly baseline examination, especially after age 40, when early signs of disease and vision changes may start to occur. People with a history of the eye-related disease in the family line should start taking this test before they turn 40.
  • Comprehensive eye exam: Adults 65 and above are encouraged to get a comprehensive examination at least once a year.

This means that as part of a healthy lifestyle, eye examinations are essential for early detection and prevention of diseases. The need for an eye examination goes beyond having hazy vision or long and short-sightedness, which are the more common eye defects. Getting your eyes checked yearly is good for your health and can save you from a silent killer disease that might be in the early stage of development.

We have highly qualified ophthalmologists ready to check your eyes and help you stay healthy so contact us today to book an appointment. Remember, good health is in your hands and eyes.