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The COVID-19 virus that started out in Wuhan, China, has managed to spread across the globe and become a cause for concern for every individual on the planet.

The virus spreads faster when an infected person has started showing symptoms, but it could still be spread when there are no symptoms. It usually takes 2-14 days for the symptoms to show after one has been infected. Therefore, people suspected to have been in contact with an infected person are required to be in quarantine for at least 14 days.

Symptoms

COVID-19 symptoms are fever, dry cough and breathlessness. In a few COVID-19 cases there has been conjunctivitis (redness of the eyes).

Mode of transmission

When an infected person coughs or sneezes, tiny droplets are sent into the air and they can land on the face of someone nearby or be breathed in by the person. The virus can be rubbed into the eyes, nose or mouth and this is why people are advised to avoid touching their faces during this period. People can also get infected if they touch surfaces where the droplets have landed and the virus has not yet died, and then use those same hands to touch their face.

So the two main ways is by inhalation and touching your eyes, nose or mouth with infected hands.

Prevention

The best way to prevent the virus is to first avoid standing close to people (to avoid inhalation) or touching people (to avoid infecting your hands). With the speed at which this virus has been spreading, the main challenge has been a refusal to see the need to obey these simple instructions. People need to avoid gatherings and pay better attention to hand washing and sanitising.

Eating fruit and vegetables and taking supplements will help your immune system fight the infection if you ever come in contact with it.

Things you can do this period:

  • Avoid people who are ill
  • Eat fruit and vegetables
  • Take immune boosting supplements
  • Stay about 6 feet away from people
  • Follow the rules for social distancing and leaving your home as prescribed by your local and national regulatory body
  • Wash your hands well and use a hand sanitiser regularly
  • Disinfect surfaces and objects that people touch often
  • Use eyeglasses more while at home this period instead of contact lenses so you don’t have to touch your eyes.

The COVID-19 disease, while presenting as a simple viral respiratory infection, should be taken seriously as it can be fatal.

Check the  World Health Organization (WHO) websites for up-to-date, reliable information about COVID-19.