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Apart from being the organ of sight, the overall health condition of your eyes can be a pointer to an illness present in your body system even before you experience any symptoms. Therefore, it is expedient to take your routine eye exams seriously so that you can monitor your health properly, identify any underlying diseases and get them treated on time. However, we have put together a list of some symptoms that might hint at underlying illnesses in your body.

 A white or grey ring around the edge of the cornea.

This is a buildup of fats and lipids known as arcus senilis, and is commonly experienced by older adults. It is usually a symptom of the ageing process, but it can also be a sign of high cholesterol levels and heart disease if discovered in persons of any age .

Yellow plaque near the inner edge of the upper eyelid.

This is a condition known as xanthelasma and it is also a warning sign of high cholesterol levels and heart disease. With the onset of these signs, you would need to work on your cholesterol levels to be healthy and you can achieve this either through diet, regular exercise, or prescription medications from your doctor.

Leaf-shaped pupils.

The pupil is the middle opening on the coloured part of the human eye and it is usually round. If you are undergoing an eye exam and your doctor notices a change in the shape of your pupil from the default round shape to a leaflike clover shape, it is a warning sign of impending eye inflammation, such as uveitis which is closely linked to the onset of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, sarcoidosis, etc.. These diseases are best treated by first discovering their causes.

Blood spots on the retina.

This symptom can be a potential sign of diabetes or hypertension. Blood spots can appear on the retina is because some already weak blood vessels have leaked into the retina. This causes diabetic retinopathy, which is a serious condition that can seriously affect vision and result in blindness. Hence, it is necessary to control blood sugar levels and blood pressure.

Yellowing of the eyes.

When the white part of your eyes becomes yellow, this could be a sign of jaundice (the failure of the liver to break down a body substance called bilirubin). Heavy alcohol intake by one or both parents, hepatitis, and other diseases can cause jaundice in both adults and children.

If you detect any of the above symptoms during your routine eye exams, seek professional medical treatment immediately. We recommend you maintain a healthy lifestyle and make routine annual eye health checks a priority.