Skip to main content

Hypersensitive retinopathy is a medical vascular condition that affects the eyes and is caused by an increase in one’s blood pressure (high blood pressure).

When a person’s blood pressure increases, the walls of the blood vessels in the eyes become thick, making the blood vessels narrow. When this happens, it can damage the blood vessels resulting in swelling of the retina. An increase in blood pressure can also make the pressure of pumping blood through the arteries higher than normal. This causes the tissues in the arteries to stretch and become damaged.

Causes

An increase in blood pressure levels (which could lead to hypersensitive retinopathy), can be caused by one or more of these habits: not engaging in physical activity, being overweight, excessive salt consumption, a stressful daily lifestyle.

Symptoms

Individuals with hypersensitive retinopathy usually experience symptoms such as reduced vision, double vision, headaches, changes in vision quality, or a burst blood vessel (which can result in more serious damage to the eyes).

Treatment

Hypertensive retinopathy can be treated by first of all controlling the blood pressure of the affected person to be at the normal range as much as possible. This can be done either within or outside the hospital (at home). A qualified ophthalmologist can also administer treatment to the affected eye either using prescribed injectable medications, laser treatments, or surgery (if needed).

Prevention

It is also interesting to know that hypertensive retinopathy can be prevented if you make these healthy tips a personal daily practice

  • If you have been placed on blood pressure medication regularly, take them regularly and religiously.
  • Engage in physical exercises regularly.
  • Always ensure that your diet is balanced.
  • Ensure that your consumption of foods containing salt, fat proteins, trans fats, and sugar is moderate.
  • Quit smoking and alcohol consumption.
  • Go for regular medical checkups to keep your blood pressure readings are in order.

Doing these things can help you prevent hypertensive retinopathy and other blood-related eye ailments.