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Eye allergies are quite common, and occur when the eyes react to something (called an allergen) which is normally harmless. This results in the eyes producing a substance called histamine to fight off the allergen. The presence of histamine causes the eyes to exhibit certain characteristics such as redness, swelling, tearing, and itching.

Typically, eye allergies do not spread from person to person. However, some people inherit eye allergies from their parents. An individual is more likely to have eye allergies if both of his/her parents have them than if only one parent does. Also, persons who are asthmatic or have a family history of asthma are prone to eye allergies.

Causes of eye allergies

Allergens are present in the air (both indoors and outdoors). So basically, one can get eye allergies from sources such as pets, dust, pollen from grass and trees, smoke, specific foods, perfumes, soaps (especially antiseptic soaps), mold, cosmetics, and insect bites or stings.

Treatment of eye allergies

The preferred way to treating eye allergies is to either completely avoid or minimize your contact with the substance that is causing the allergy breakout. For instance, if your allergy is from animals, then you should avoid keeping your pets at close range. Keep the pets outside the house. Also, if your eyes have allergic reactions to pollen from grasses and trees, you can either reduce the time spent in places where grasses and trees are, or put on protective eyewear if you must stay in those places.

If you experience a sudden breakout of eye allergies from an unidentified source, you will need to visit your eye care provider who might recommend medication such as Antihistamine (to be taken orally or applied as eye drops into the eyes) or other steroid eye drops which will help to relieve any discomfort you might have from the allergies.

Remember, however, that one cannot clear the environment completely of allergens, so eye allergies may be a reoccurring issue for some persons.

Contact us today for more information regarding eye allergies.