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As human beings get older with each passing day, month and year, different changes take place in the body that can affect the way one carries out daily activities. One of such changes is called “macular degeneration” also known as age-related macular degeneration or AMD. This vision problem affects a part of the retina called the macular, which is responsible for maintaining sharp vision.


The condition of the macular determines certain functions of the eyes like facial recognition, ability to watch TV, drive, read and also carry out other detailed tasks that involve the use of the eyes. Macular degeneration can result in blurry vision as time goes by and people with this eye challenge gradually lose their central vision. Macular degeneration is more common among older individuals and it can affect one or both eyes at different times.


Early symptoms of AMD to look out for include an unusual blurry and distorted vision, especially when reading, and difficulty in seeing details in a poorly lit area.


Although AMD is usually known to come with aging, research has shown that there is a strong genetic factor involved. Other risk factors that could result in the development of AMD include: gender (AMD has more effects on women than men), obesity and lack of activity, cardiovascular diseases, and smoking.


It is paramount that you see your eye doctor if you observe sudden changes in your central vision. The specialist will diagnose whatever might be wrong with your eyes and give appropriate treatment. Also, annual comprehensive eye checkups are highly recommended for individuals past the age of 65, as this can help with prevention and early detection. Also, it is very important is to protect your eyes by consuming a healthy diet, engage in regular exercise, and put on sunglasses to protect your eyes from the harmful effects of the sun in form of ultraviolet rays.

With proper care, your eyesight can stay sharp and healthy throughout your lifetime.