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Children learn mostly through visual means, and most learning challenges for them result from undiagnosed eye problems. Unlike most adults that can report visual challenges, most children cannot, because of their age, knowledge, inexperience, and, in the case of babies or toddlers, inability to communicate.

There are a few hidden conditions that interfere with a child’s vision, such as lazy eye, pediatric cataracts, and strabismus.

Pediatric Cataract

Adults are not the only ones affected by cataracts, even children get diagnosed with this problem.

A cataract is a condition where the lens of one or both eyes becomes clouded. It is on record that some children are born with this, but sometimes it develops after birth. As a parent, you can easily diagnose this by observing the pupil colour of your child’s eye if it is grey or white, or if the eyes of your child point in a different direction.


This is a condition where your child’s eyes are crossed. As a parent, you may notice this either at birth or around age two. There are a few other signs you can watch out for, such as if your child squints or tilts their head to align their vision, especially in bright light. Another sign you can watch out for is if the eyes of your child point inward, upward, outward, or downward. It is important to note that if left untreated, this condition can lead to lazy eyes or vision loss.


We also know this condition as lazy eyes, where one eye is weaker than the other with poor visual function. This might go undiagnosed because your child may rely on one good eye and thus be unaware that the other one has a problem. A few signs you can watch out for are if your child has difficulty reading, doing math problems, focusing, or is constantly closing or rubbing one eye.

The best thing you as a parent or guardian can do for your child is to have regular eye examinations to keep up with the continual development of your child’s eye. Diagnosing eye problems can help reduce potential eye damage and allow for treatment to be more effective due to fast treatment of the problem.

If you have any concerns, please don’t hesitate to schedule an appointment with us as we will be more than happy to help.